MERITO DI GUERRA / 4x7 cm
Obverse - The initials of R.I. (Republic Italy) "Merito di Guerra"; Below this is a Roman sword within sprays of oak.
Reverse - Raised star in the centre upon a radiate background.
The medal was originally instituted in 1916 and awarded for war service to those whose conduct has been meritorious over a period.
This is the WW2 version denoted by the initials of R.I. on the obverse.